DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY (ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE)

1. Objectives of the Program

The Ph.D. (Environmental Science) Program aims to develop students for careers in environmental assessment and planning and in environmental education. The Program envisions to fill the need for highly trained environmental scientists in the government, private industries and educational institutions.

2. Program Administration

The Ph.D. (Environmental Science) Program shall be a joint graduate degree program of several institute/departments of the College of Science. The participating institutes/departments include the Department of Meteorology and Oceanography, The Institute of Biology, Institute of Chemistry, National Institute of Physics, National Institute of Geological Sciences and the Marine Science Institute. The overall supervision and coordination of the Program shall be done by Environmental Science Graduate Program Committee (ESGPC) headed by the Environmental Science Program Coordinator. The ESGPC shall be composed of Ph.D. faculty members from participating departments/institutes actively involved in the implementation of the program. For accounting purposes, the institute/department to which the students of the Program belong shall be determined according to their educational backgrounds and chosen fields of specialization.

3. Admission into the Program

3.1. Admission into the Ph.D. (Environmental Science) Program in the College shall require (1) a B.S. or M.S. (Environmental Science) degree or their equivalent from a recognized institution of higher learning, (2) a high degree of intellectual capacity and aptitude for advanced study and research in Environmental Science, and (3) satisfaction of additional university requirements such as health clearance and other special admission requirements that may be imposed by the Environmental Science Graduate Program Committee.

3.2. Each application for Admission into the Ph.D. (Environmental Science) Program must be accomplished in the Official College application form and accompanied by official transcript of records, two (2) written recommendation from former professors or experts on the field, and the officially prescribed application fee.

3.3. All applications shall be submitted to and processed by the Graduate Office, referred to the Environmental Science Graduate Program Committee for evaluation, and endorsed by the latter to the Dean for official and formal action.

4. General Requirements of the Program

Qualification for Ph.D. (Environmental Science) degree in the College of Science shall require the following:

(a) Completion of a Program of Study consisting of at least forty-five units of formal Environmental Science Graduate courses in the case of students admitted into the Ph.D. (Environmental Science) Program without a graduate courses in the case of students admitted into the Ph.D. (Environmental Science) Program without a master’s degree in Environmental Science or of at least twenty-four (24) units of formal graduate courses in Environmental Science in the case of students admitted into Ph.D. program with a master’s degree in Environmental Science:
(b) Maintenance of a Cumulative Weighted Average Grade (CWAG) of 1.75 or better at the end of each academic year until completion of the program of study;
(c) Passing of the Preliminary Examination based on the core courses in the student’s program of study;
(d) Passing the Candidacy Examination after completion of at least two-thirds (2/3) of the student’s program of study;
(e) Completion of at least one (1) unit of a graduate seminar course in Environmental Science during the student’s course work and presentation of a yearly seminar report during the student’s Dissertation work;
(f) Completion of a Doctoral Dissertation based on an independent and original research;
(g) Successful defense of the Doctoral Dissertation based on an independent and original research;
(h) Submission of a Scientific reprint based on the approved Doctoral Dissertation and endorsed by the Dissertation Committee as an acceptable article for publication in a reputable scientific journal; and
(i) Submission of at least six (6) bound and certified copies of the approved Doctoral Dissertation.

5. THE PROGRAM COMMITTEE AND PROGRAM OF STUDY

5.1. The Program Committee

Each Student admitted into Ph.D. (Environmental Science) Program shall be assigned a Program committee composed of three (3) members to be designated by the Environmental Science Graduate Committee from among the latter’s membership. The Program Committee shall advise, monitor, and evaluate the student until he/she is advanced to Ph.D. candidacy and is assigned a Dissertation Committee. The name of Program Committee members shall be submitted to the Graduate Office within the first semester of the student’s initial year in the program.

5.2. Placement Examination

A student admitted into Ph.D. (Environmental Science) Program may be required by the Environmental Science Graduate Program Committee to take a Placement Examination for the purpose of assessing his/her academic preparation. A student who does not perform satisfactorily in the Placement Examination or who has a deficient academic preparation may be required to complete appropriate undergraduate remedial courses in the College.

5.3. The Program of Study

Within the first semester if the student’s initial year in Ph.D. (Environmental Science) Program, a Program of Study shall be designated by the Program Committee, in consultation with the student and on the basis of the latter’s academic preparation and desired specialization, and submitted to the Graduate Office through the Environmental Science Graduate Committee and communicated as soon as possible to the Graduate Office through the Environmental Science Graduate Committee.

5.4. Semestral Study Load

The normal study load per semester shall be nine (9) to twelve (12) units of formal graduate courses.

6. Course Requirements and Transfer of Credits 

6.1 Course Requirement for B.S. Degree Holders

Student entering the Ph.D. (Environmental Science) Program with only a B.S. degree in the program’s discipline or a master degree in a related discipline shall be required to complete at least forty-five (45) units of formal graduate courses. The core courses consists of the following:

Lecture Courses:(3 units each)

Env. Sci. 201 Fundamentals of Environmental Science I
Env. Sci. 202 Fundamentals of Environmental Science II
Env. Sci. 211 Computational Methods in Environmental Science
Env. Sci. 212 Environmental Problems and Issues
Env. Sci. 282 Environmental Planning, Risk and Impact Assessment

Field/Laboratory Courses: (1 unit each)

Env. Sci. 225.1 Terrestrial Ecology Sampling Techniques
Env. Sci. 226.1 Aquatic Ecology and Sampling Techniques
Env. Sci. 232.1 Water Quality Sampling Techniques
Env. Sci. 263.1 Air Quality Sampling Techniques
Env. Sci. 265.1 Remote Sensing Techniques
Env. Sci. 271.1 Photonic Techniques

Students who have taken a course equivalent to any of the core courses will be required to replace it with an appropriate specialization course or elective to satisfy the 24-unit course requirement.

The Specialization course includes:(3 units each)

Env. Sci. 221 Environmental Biology
Env. Sci. 227 Quantitative Ecology
Env. Sci. 228 Environmental Biotechnology
Env. Sci. 262 Water Quality Modelling
Env. Sci. 265 Applications of Remote Sensing to Environmental Science
Env. Sci. 271 Photonic Techniques for Environmental Monitoring
Env. Sci. 297 Special Topics
Env. Sci. 299 Independent Master’s Study
Env. Sci. 399 Independent Doctoral Study

6.2. Course Requirement for M.S. (Environmental Science) Degree holders

Students entering the Ph.D. (Environmental Science) Program with a previously earned M.S. (Environmental Science) degree of its equivalent in the same discipline shall be required to complete at least twenty-four (24) units of graduate courses.

6.4. Transfer of Credit From Another University

Subject to the recommendation of the Environmental Science Graduate Committee and the approval of the Dean, graduate courses taken by a student in another University may be credited towards his/her Ph.D. course requirements provided that (a) These courses were taken within last five (5) years prior to his/her admission into the Ph.D. (Environmental Science) Program, (b) These courses were taken within last five (5) years prior to his/her admission into the Environmental science Graduate Committee of the Institute/Department Program concerned, and (c) The total number of graduate credits which may be transferred shall not exceed three-eight (3/8) of the total number of units in the student’s Ph.D. course requirement.

However, condition (b) shall not apply if the courses were taken in an institution with which the University of the Philippines has a special academic arrangement and if these courses were taken after the student had been admitted into the Ph.D. program.

7. Grade Requirement

7.1. Grade system

The following numerical grades shall be used in graduate courses: 1.0 (Excellent), 1.25, 1.50 (Very Good), 1.75, 2.0 (Good), 2.25, 2.50 (Satisfactory), 2.75, 3.0 (Passed), 4.0 (Conditional Failure), INC. (Incomplete), and 5.0 (Failed). In certain special courses, however the following non- numerical grades may be given: “P” (Passed), or “R” (Repeat), “S” (Satisfactory), or “U” (Unsatisfactory).

7.2. Cumulative weighted Average Grade (CWAG)

To remain in good standing in the Ph.D. (Environmental Science) Program, a student must maintain a Cumulative Weighted Average Grade (CWAG) of “1.75” or better in his/her course work at the end of each academic year until the completion of his/her program of study. The student’s CWAG shall be computed at the end of each academic year by his/her Program Committee and reported by the Environmental Science Graduate Program committee to the Graduate Office.

7.3. Failure to Satisfy the Grade Requirement

A student who fails to satisfy this grade requirement at the end of the academic year shall be disqualified from Ph.D. (Environmental Science) Program unless the Environmental Science Graduate Committee decides, on justifiable grounds upon the recommendation of the student Program Committee, to put him/her of probation for a period nor exceeding two (2) semesters. Failure to obtain the minimum CWAG after the probation period shall automatically disqualify the student from the Ph.D. (Environmental Science) Program.

8. The Preliminary Examination

8.1. Nature of the Preliminary Examination

The Preliminary Examination is a written and/or oral examination that has has to be taken by the student within one (1) year after the completion of the core courses in his/her program of study. This examination is intended to test the student” ability to integrate and apply the overall knowledge that he/she has gained from the courses. Students with a M.S. (Environmental Science) degree in the discipline may be exempted form taking the Preliminary Examination upon approval by the Environmental Science Graduate Program Committee.

8.2. Administration of the Preliminary Examination

The preliminary examination in each Ph.D. (Environmental Science) Program shall be scheduled, administered, and graded by the Environmental Science Graduate Program Committee or a special sub-Committee thereof. Results of the Preliminary Examination Committee to the Graduate Office within one (1) month after the last day of examination.

8.3. Rating of the Preliminary Examination

A student’s performance in the Preliminary examination shall be rated either “Passed” or “Failed”. A student who fails the Preliminary Examination shall be allowed to retake the examination within (1) one-year after the first examination. Failure of a student in the re-examination shall disqualify him/her from the Ph.D. (Environmental Science) Program.

9. The Candidacy Examination

9.1. Nature of the Candidacy Examination

The Candidacy Examination is an oral examination that must be taken by the student after passing the Preliminary Examination and completing at least two-thirds (2/3) of his/her program of study. In this examination the student is required to give a seminar on an approved research topic in his/her chosen field of specialization and is examined on his/her (a) grasp of this chosen field of specialization, (b) mastery of the basic principles and methods of the discipline, and (c) readiness for dissertation research in the chosen field of specialization.

9.2. Administration of the Candidacy Examination

Upon the formal request of the student and the recommendation of his/her Program Committee, the ESPGC shall designate a special examination panel of five (5) members, which shall schedule, conduct, and evaluate the Candidacy Examination for the student. This oral examination shall last two (2) to four (4) hours.

9.3. Rating of the Candidacy Examination

The Candidacy Examination shall be rated as either “Passed” of “Failed” by a simple majority vote of the special examination panel. Its result must be officially reported by the special examination panel to the Graduate Office through the Environmental Science Program Graduate Committee within the first working day after the examination.
If the student fails the Candidacy Examination, he/she will be allowed to take a second Candidacy Examination within one (1) year after the first examination. Failure in the second Candidacy Examination shall disqualify the student from the Ph.D. (Environmental Science) Program.

9.4. Advancement to Ph.D. Candidacy

A student who passes the candidacy Examination is advance to candidacy for the Ph.D. (Environmental Science) degree.

10. The Doctoral Examination

10.1. Standard for the Doctoral Dissertation

The major requirement for the Ph.D. (Environmental Science) degree is the submission of a doctoral dissertation which must (1) embody an original, independent and significant scientific research by the student; (2) show the student’s capacity to make a critical evaluation of previous work done in his/her chosen research topic; and (3) demonstrate his/her ability to present scientific research findings in a clear, systematic, and scholarly manner.

10.2. The Dissertation Committee

After the student advanced to Ph.D. Candidacy he/she will be assigned a Dissertation Committee composed of the Dissertation Adviser and two (2) Dissertation Readers. In special cases requiring joint advising, the Dissertation Committee may consist of a Dissertation Adviser, a Dissertation Co- Adviser, and a Dissertation Reader. Either the Adviser of the Co-Adviser, but not both, may belong to an external institution. One (1) of the Dissertation Readers should preferably belong to an external institution. The members of the Dissertation Committee shall be formally appointed by the Dean upon the recommendation of the Environmental Science Graduate Committee. The members of the Dissertation Committee shall be responsible for (1) advising the student in the preparation of the Dissertation proposals, (2) guiding and monitoring his/her dissertation research, (3) ensuring that the student submit a yearly evaluation report of the progress of his/her dissertation research to the Environmental Science Graduate Committee and (4) endorsing the students’ doctoral dissertation for defense.

10.3. The Dissertation Proposal

Before the dissertation research can be formally started, the student must first prepare a written dissertation proposal with the advice of his/her Dissertation Committee and submit it to the Environmental Science Graduate Committee for approval. Upon approval of his/her dissertation proposal, the student may proceed to carry out his/her dissertation research under the guidance of his/her dissertation committee. A certified copy of the approved dissertation proposal must be submitted by the Environmental Science Graduate Committee to the Graduate Office.

11. Seminar Requirements

11.1. Seminar Requirement

Prior to the Candidacy Examination, each student in the Ph.D. (Environmental Science) Program must complete at least one (1) unit of a graduate seminar as additional requirement on top of the formal course requirement in his/her program of study.

11.2. The College Graduate Research Colloquia

After the student is advanced to Ph.D. candidacy, he/she must also participate, at least once a year, in the Graduate Research Colloquia of the college by giving a seminar on the progress of his/her dissertation research. The Graduate Research Colloquia shall be College-wide activity organized by the Graduate Office on coordination with the various Dissertation Committee.

12. Defense of Doctoral Dissertation

12.1. The Doctoral Examination Panel

Upon completion of the doctoral dissertation and is endorsement by the Dissertation Committee to the Environmental Science Graduate Program Committee, the latter shall recommend to the Dean the formal appointment of two (2) Dissertation Examiners. The two (2) Dissertation Examiners together with the three- (3) Dissertation Committee members shall constitute the Doctoral Examination Panel of five (5) members. At least one (1) of the members of the Doctoral Examination Panel should come from external institution. The Doctoral Examination Panel shall be chaired by one of the Dissertation Readers of Dissertation Examiners to be designated by the Dissertation Adviser

12.2. Administration of Doctoral Examination

The Doctoral Examination, in which the student must defend his/her dissertation before the Doctoral Examination Panel, may be held within the College at any mutually convenient time upon the recommendation of the Doctoral Examination Panel, the endorsement of the Environmental Science Graduate Program Committee, and the formal authorization of the Dean.

The Doctoral Examination may be held only if (a) the student has already satisfied the seminar requirement, (b) the dissertation manuscript has been received by each member of the Doctoral Examination Panel at least one (1) month beforehand, and (c) at least four (4) members of the Doctoral Examination Panel are present.

The schedule and place of the Doctoral Examination shall be officially announced by the Dean and publicized throughout the College by the Environmental Science Graduate Committee at least two (2) weeks beforehand. The schedule of the Doctoral Examination may be changed only upon the recommendation of the Doctoral Examination Panel, the endorsement of the Environmental Science Graduate Committee, and the formal authorization of the Dean.

The Doctoral Examination shall be public oral examination lasting no less than two (2) hours and no longer than five (5) hours, In accordance with the examination guidelines of the Environmental Science Graduate Committee, questions may be asked by anybody from the audience during the examination, but the evaluation and rating of the student’s dissertation shall be done by the Doctoral Examination Panel in closed-door meeting to be held immediately after the Doctoral Examination.

12.3. Rating of the Doctoral Examination

The Doctoral Examination may be given either of the following ratings: “Passed” if the dissertation defense is acceptable; “Provisionally Passed”, if the dissertation defense is deemed acceptable subject to a certain minor revisions of the dissertation in the form or content; or “Failed”, if the dissertation defense is deemed unacceptable. Acceptance of the dissertation defense by at least four (4) members of the Doctoral Examination Panel shall merit the rating of “Passed” while rejection of the dissertation defense by at least two (2) Panel Members shall incur the rating of “Failed”. Any other combination of acceptance, conditional acceptance and/or rejection of the dissertation defense in between must be explained in writing.The result of the Doctoral Examination must be reported by the Doctoral Examination Panel to the Graduate Office through the Environmental Science Graduate Committee within the first working day after the examination.

12.4. Passing or failing of the Doctoral Examination

If the student gets a rating of “Passed” in the Doctoral Examination, his/her doctoral dissertation is considered approved. If the student gets a rating of “Provisionally Passed” in the Doctoral Examination, he/she must comply with the condition imposed by the Doctoral Examination Panel within six (6) months after examination in order to change his/her rating to “Passed”. Compliance with the condition must be certified by the Doctoral Examination Panel and reported to the Environmental Science Graduate Committee and the Graduate Office before the doctoral dissertation can be officially endorsed for acceptance. Failure to comply with the conditions within the six-month period shall entail conversion of the rating of “Provisionally Passed” to a rating of “Failed”.

If the student gets a rating of “Failed” in the Doctoral Examination, he/she may submit him/herself to a second Doctoral Examination not earlier than six (6) months but not later than eighteen (18) months after the rating of “Failed” is obtained in the first examination. A rating of “Failed” in the second Doctoral Examination shall disqualify from the Ph.D. program.

13. The Dissertation Reprint Requirement

Before the student can qualify for graduation from the Ph.D. Program, he/she must submit to the Graduate Committee and the Graduate Office a reprint, which is based partly or entirely on his/her Dissertation. The reprint, which will be endorsed by the Dissertation Committee as acceptable for publication in a reputable, referred scientific journal.

14. Residence Rules

14.1. One-year residence before graduation

The student must be officially enrolled in the College for at least one (1) academic year prior to the conferment of the Ph.D. degree.

14.2. Maximum residence period

The time limit or “maximum residence period” for the completion of all Ph.D. requirements shall be no more than six (6) years for the students who enter the Ph.D. program with an M.S. (Environmental Science) degree or its equivalent in the discipline of the program and no more than eight (8) years for those who enter the Ph.D. program with a B.S. degree in the discipline of the program or a master’s degree in an unrelated discipline. The counting of the period of residence shall start from student’s enrollment in a graduate course after admission into the Ph.D. program and shall include all leaves of absence from the program. For graduate students transferring from another University, the maximum residence shall be reduced by one (1) semester for every nine- (9) units of transferred credits or a fraction thereof.

14.3. Extensions of Residence

In exceptionally meritorious cases, extensions of residence beyond the above maximum residence period may be granted by the Dean upon the recommendation of Environmental Science Graduate Committee for a period exceeding one (1) calendar year at a time but in no cases totaling more than five (5) years, provided the student is required to complete additional units of graduate courses in his/her discipline during the extension period at a rate Of three (3) units for every two (2) years extension of fraction thereof.

14.4. Non-Compliance with the Maximum Residence Rule

A student who fails to complete all the requirements for the Ph.D. degree within the maximum residence period and any approved extension thereof shall be disqualified from the Ph.D. Program.

14.5. Absence Without Leave

A student who goes on an absence without leave (AWOL) from a Ph.D. program shall be automatically dropped from the program.

15. Graduation from the Program

15.1. Application for Graduation

After the student passes the Doctoral Examination, he/she is qualified to apply for graduation at the Graduate Office. The application must be recommended by his/her Dissertation Committee and endorsed by the Environmental Science Graduate Committee.

15.2. Submission of Bound Dissertation

The applicant for graduation must submit to the Graduate Office six (6) bound copies of the approved doctoral dissertation as a pre-requisite for graduation. The bound copies must conform to the standard College format and contain the official approval of the Dissertation Committee, the official endorsement by the Chairman of the Environmental Science Graduate Committee concerned, and the official acceptance of the dissertation by the Dean.

15.3. Conferment of the Ph.D. Degree

After the graduation of the student is recommended by the College Assembly, endorsed by the University Council, and approved by the Board of Regents, he/she shall be officially conferred the Ph.D. degree