MASTER OF SCIENCE (ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE)

 

1. Objectives of the Program

The M.S. (Environmental Science) Program aims to develop students for careers in environmental assessment and planning and in environmental education. The proposed program envisions to fill the need for highly trained environmental scientists in the government, private industries and educational institutions.

2. Program Administration

The M.S. program in Environmental Science shall be a joint undertaking of several units of the college of Science. The participating units are the National Institute of Geological Sciences (NIGS), National Institute of Physics (NIP), the Institute of Biology (IB), the Institute of Chemistry (IC), the Marine Science Institute (MSI), the Molecular Biology and Biotechnology Program (MBBP), and the Department of Meteorology and Oceanography (DMO). The overall supervision and coordination shall be carried out by the Environmental Science Program Committee (ESPC) headed by a Coordinator. The ESPC shall be composed of Ph.D. faculty members from participating units actively involved in the implementation of the program.

3. Admission into the Program

3.1 Admission into the M.S. (Environmental Science) Program shall require (a) a Bachelor’s degree in science or engineering or their equivalent from a recognized institution of higher learning, (b) a high degree of intellectual capacity and aptitude for graduate study and research, and (c) satisfaction of additional University requirements such as a health clearance and other special admission requirements that may be imposed by a Graduate Committee.

3.2 Application for admission into the M.S. program must be accomplished in the Official College Application form and accompanied by official transcript of records, written recommendations form two (2) former professors or experts in the field, and the officially prescribed application fee.

3.3 All applications shall be submitted to and processed by the Graduate Office, referred to the Graduate Committee concerned for evaluation, and endorsed by the latter to the Dean for official action.

4. General Requirements for the M.S. Degree

The M.S. (Environmental Science) degree may be obtained through either of the following two (2) options:

4.1 Thesis Option

To qualify for the M.S. (Environmental Science) degree under the Thesis Option, a student must satisfy the following requirements: (a) complete a minimum of twenty-four (24) units of formal graduate courses; (b) maintain a Cumulative Weighted Average Grade (CWAG) of “2.0” or better in his/her graduate courses at the end of each academic year; (c) complete one (1) unit of a graduate seminar course; (d) successfully defend a Master’s Thesis in a Master’s Examination and (e) submit at least six (6) bound certified copies of the approved Master’s Thesis

4.2 Non-thesis Option

To qualify for the M.S. (Environmental Science) degree under the Non-Thesis Option, a student must satisfy the following requirements: (a) complete a minimum of thirty-three (33) units of formal graduate courses consisting of  eighteen (18) units of core courses and at least six (6) units of specialization or elective courses; (b) maintain a Cumulative Weighted Average Grade (CWAG) of “2.0” or better in his/her graduate courses at the end of each academic year; (c) complete 0ne (1) unit of a graduate seminar course; (d) pass the Master’s Preliminary Examination and (e) pass the Master’s Qualifying Examination

A student admitted into the Ph.D. (Environmental Science) Program without a Master’s degree in Environmental Science may pick up a M.S. (Environmental Science) degree on his/her way to the Ph.D. (Environmental Science) degree by satisfying the above requirements under the Non-Thesis option.

5. The Program adviser and Program of Study

5.1 The Program Adviser

Each student admitted into a M.S. (Environmental Science) Program shall be assigned a Program Adviser to be designated by the Environmental Science Graduate Program Committee (ESGPC) from among its members. The Program Adviser shall advise, guide, and evaluate the student until the latter obtains a Thesis Adviser (in the case of a student in the thesis Option) or obtains the M.S. degree (in the case of a student in the Non-thesis Option).

5.2 Placement Examination

A student admitted in the M.S. (Environmental Science) Program shall be required by the environmental Science Graduate Program Committee (ESGPC) to take a Placement Examination for the purpose of assessing his/her academic preparation. A student who does not perform satisfactorily in the placement examination or who has a deficient academic preparation may be required to complete (without graduate credits) appropriate undergraduate remedial courses in the College.

5.3 The Program of Study   

Within the first semester of the student’s initial year in the M.S. (Environmental Science) Program, a Program of Study shall be designed by the program adviser, in consultation with the student and on the basis of the latter’s academic preparation and desired specialization, and submitted to the Graduate Office through the Environmental Science Graduate Program committee (ESGPC). Subsequent revisions in the Program of study must be approved by the program adviser and communicated as soon as possible to the graduate Office through the ESGPC.

5.4 Semestral Study Load

The normal study load per semester of a student in the program shall be nine (9) to twelve (12) units of formal courses for full-time students and and six (6) to nine (9) units for part-time students.

6. Course Requirements

6.1 Thesis Option

Every student under the M.S. thesis Option shall be required to complete at least twenty-four (24) units of formal graduate courses consisting of eighteen (18) units of core courses and at least six (6) units of specialization or elective courses. The core courses consist of the following:

Lecture courses: (3 units each)

  • Env. Sci. 201 Fundamentals of Environmental Science I
  • Env. Sci. 202 Fundamentals of environmental Science II
  • Env. Sci. 211 Computational Methods in Environmental Science
  • Env. Sci. 212 Environmental Problems and Issues
  • Env. Sci. 282 Env’l Planning

Risk and Impact Assessment Field/Laboratory Courses: (1 unit each)

  • Env. Sci. 225.1 Terrestrial Ecology Sampling Techniques
  • Env. Sci. 226.1 Aquatic Ecology sampling Techniques
  • Env. Sci. 232.1 Water Quality Sampling Techniques
  • Env. Sci. 263.1 Air Quality Sampling Techniques
  • Env. Sci. 265.1 Remote Sensing Techniques
  • Env. Sci. 271.1 Photonic Techniques

Students who have taken a course equivalent to any of the core courses will be required to replace it with an appropriate specialization course or elective to satisfy the 24-unit course requirement.

The Specialization courses include:

  • Env. Sci. 221 Environmental Biology
  • Env. Sci. 227 Quantitative Ecology
  • Env. Sci. 228 Environmental Biotechnology
  • Env. Sci. 233 Environmental Toxicology
  • Env. Sci. 241 Geological Hazards
  • Env. Sci. 262 Water Quality Modeling
  • Env. Sci. 265 Applications of remote Sensing to Environmental Science
  • Env. Sci. 271 Photonic Techniques for Environmental Monitoring
  • Env. Sci. 297 Special Topics in Environmental Science
  • Env. Sci. 299 Independent Master’s Study

The following existing courses in the College of Science and other colleges may also be credited as follows:

Existing courses in the college of Science:

  • Bio. 260 Advanced Ecology
  • Bio. 262 Freshwater Ecology
  • Bio. 263 Terrestrial Ecology
  • Chem. 203 Environmental Chemistry
  • Chem. 203.1 Environmental Chemistry Laboratory
  • Chem. 224 Aquatic Chemistry
  • Geo. 217 Hydrogeology
  • Geo. 274 Environmental Geology
  • Meteo. 203 Analytical Methods in Meteorology and Oceanography
  • Meteo. 213 Climatology
  • Meteo. 283 Air Pollution Chemistry
  • M.S. 226 Marine Pollution Chemistry
  • M.S. 226.1 Marine Pollution Chemistry Laboratory
  • M.S 250 Marine Ecology
  • M.S. 280 Management of Marine Resources

Existing Courses in other College:

  • Econ. 275 Natural Resource and Environmental Economics
  • Econ. 276 Special Topics in Natural Resource and Environmental Economics
  • Econ. 296 Urban and Regional Economics
  • En.E. 201 Introduction to Environmental Engineering
  • En.E. 211 Environmental Engineering Biology
  • En.E. 212 Wastewater Disposal and Treatment
  • Law 175 Law and Environment
  • Planning 203 Land use Planning
  • Planning 222 Resource use and Development
  • Planning 231 Site Planning
  • Soc Sci. 366 Man and his Environment I
  • Soc Sci 367 Man and his Environment II

6.1 Non-thesis Option

Students under the Non-thesis Option shall be required to complete at least thirty-three (33) units of formal graduate environmental science courses consisting of eighteen (18) units of core courses and at least fifteen (15) units specialization or elective courses. A student who has previously taken a course equivalent to any of the core courses will be required to replace it with any appropriate specialization or elective course.

6.2 Transfer of Credits from another University

Subject to the recommendation of the Environmental Science Graduate Committee and the Dean, Graduate courses taken by the student in another University may be credited towards his/her M.S. course requirements provided that (a) these courses were taken within the last five (5) years prior to his/her admission to the M.S. (Environmental Science) Program, (b) these courses have been validated by the Environmental Science Graduate Committee through appropriate means, and (c) the number of a graduate units which may be credited shall not exceed three-eight’s (3/8) of the total number of units in the student’s course requirements for the M.S. (Environmental Science) degree.

6.3 Transfer of credits from another Program

Subject to the recommendation of the Graduate committee and the approval of the Dean, graduate courses taken by the student under another Program of the University of the Philippines may be transferred for credit to his/her M.S. course requirements provided that (a) these courses were taken within the last five (5) years prior to the student’s admission or transfer to the M.S. program and (d) these courses have not been credited to an undergraduate or graduate degree previously obtained by the student.

7. Grade Requirement

7.1 Grading System

The following numerical grades shall be used in Environmental Science graduate courses: 1.0 (Excellent)), 1.25, 1.50 (Very Good), 1.75, 2.0 (Good), 2.25, 2.50 (Satisfactory), 2.75, 3.0 (Passed), 4.0 (Conditional), INC (Incomplete), and 5.0 (Failed). For special courses, however, the following non-numerical grades may be given: “P” (Passed), or “R” (Repeat), “S” (Satisfactory), or “U” (Unsatisfactory).

7.2 Cumulative Weighted Average Grade

To remain in good standing in the M.S. (Environmental Science) Program, a student must maintain a Cumulative Weighted Average Grade (CWAG) of “2.0” or better in his/her course work at the end of each academic year until the completion of his/her program of study. The students CWAG shall be computed by his/her Program adviser at the end of each academic year and reported by the Environmental Science Graduate Committee to the Graduate Office.

7.3 Failure to Satisfy the Grade Requirement

A student who fails to satisfy the grade requirement at the end of the academic year shall be disqualified from the M.S. (Environmental Science) Program unless the Environmental Science Graduate Committee decides on  justifiable grounds and upon recommendation of the student’s Program Adviser, to put him/her on probation for a period of one (1) to two (2) semesters. Failure to obtain the minimum CWAG after the probation period shall automatically disqualify the student from the M.S. (Environmental Science) Program.

8. Seminar Requirement

Every student in a M.S. program must complete one (1) unit of a graduate seminar course in addition to the formal course requirements.

9. The Master’s Thesis

9.1 The nature of the Master’s Thesis

Each student in the Thesis Option shall be required to submit a masters thesis which must be scholarly work embodying a supervised scientific research by the student and presenting, in a scholarly manner, a worthwhile contribution to scientific knowledge in Environmental Science.

9.2 The Thesis Adviser and Reader

After a student in the Thesis option finds a suitable Thesis Adviser, he/she will be assigned a Thesis Reader by the Environmental Science Graduate Committee. In special cases requiring joint advising, a Thesis Co-Adviser may be assigned to the student in addition to a Thesis Reader. Either the Thesis Adviser of Co-Adviser, but not both, may belong to an external institution. The Thesis Reader may also belong to an institution outside UP Diliman. The Thesis Adviser and the Thesis Reader (as well as the Co-Adviser, if any) shall be formally appointed by the Dean upon the recommendation of the Environmental Science Graduate Committee. They shall be responsible for (a) advising the students in the preparation of his/her thesis proposal, (b) guiding and supervising his/her thesis research, and (c) endorsing his/her masters thesis for defense in Master’s Examination.

9.3 Thesis Proposal

Before the thesis research can be formally started, the student must first prepare a written thesis proposal with the advisee of his/her Thesis Adviser and Thesis Reader (as well as thesis Co-Adviser, if any) and submit it to the Environmental Science Graduate Program Committee for approval. Upon approval of his/her Thesis Proposal, the student may then proceed to carry out his/her thesis research. A certified copy of the approved thesis proposal must be submitted by the Environmental Science Graduate Committee to the Graduate Office of the College.

10. Defense of the Master’s Thesis

Upon completion of the master’s thesis and its endorsement by the Thesis Adviser and the Thesis Reader to the Environmental science Graduate Program committee, the latter shall recommend to the Dean the formal appointment of two (2) Thesis Examiners who, together with the Thesis Adviser and Thesis Reader (plus the Thesis Co-Adviser, if any) shall constitute the Master’s Examination Panel of four (4) or five (5) members. The Thesis Reader or one of the Thesis Examiners shall be designated by the Thesis Adviser to chair the Master’s Examination Panel.

10.1 Administration of the Master’s Examination

Administration of the Master’s Examination, in which the student must defend his/her thesis before the Master’s Examination Panel, may be held within the College at any mutually convenient time upon the recommendation of the Master’s Examination Panel, the endorsement of the Environmental Science Graduate Program Committee, and the formal authorization of the Dean. The Master’s Examination may be held only if (a) the student has already satisfied the seminar requirement; (b) the thesis manuscript has been received by each member of the Master’s Examination Panel at least one (1) month beforehand; and (c) at least three (3) out of four (4) or four (4) out of five (5) members of the Master’s Examination Panel are present.

The schedule and place of the Master’s Examination shall be officially announced by the Dean and publicized throughout the College by the Environmental Science Graduate Program Committee at least two (2) weeks beforehand. The schedule of the Master’s Examination may be changed only upon the recommendation of the Master’s Examination Panel, the endorsement of the Environmental Science Graduate Program Committee, and the formal authorization of the Dean.

The Master’s Examination shall be a public oral examination lasting no less  than two (2) hours no longer than four (4) hours. In accordance with the examination guidelines of the Environmental Science Graduate Program Committee, questions may be asked by anybody during the examination, but the evaluation and rating of the student’s thesis defense shall be done by the Master’s Examination Panel in a closed-door meeting to be held immediately after the Master’s Examination.

10.2 Rating of the Masteral Examination

The Masteral Examination may be given either of the following ratings: “Passed”, if the thesis defense is deemed acceptable; “Provisionally Passed”, if the thesis defense is deemed acceptable subject to certain minor revisions of the Thesis in form or content; or “Failed”, if the thesis defense is deemed unacceptable.

Acceptance of the thesis defense by at least three (3) out of four (4) out of five (5) members of the Master’s Examination Panel shall merit the rating of “Passed”, while rejection of the thesis defense by at least two (2) Panel members shall incur the rating of “Failed”. Any other combination of acceptance, conditional acceptance and/or rejection of the thesis defense in between these two extremes shall result in a rating of “Provisionally Passed”. A vote “Failed” by a panel member must be explained in writing.

The result of the Master’s Examination must be reported by the Master’s Examination panel to the Environmental Science Graduate Program Committee within the first working day after the examination.

10.3 Passing or Failing of the Master’s Examination

If the student gets a rating of “Passed” in the Master’s Examination, his/Her Masteral Thesis is considered approved. If the student gets a rating of “Provisionally Passed” in the Master’s Examination, he/she must comply with the conditions imposed by the Master’s Examination panel within six (6) months after the examination in order to change his/her rating to “Passed”. Compliance with these must be certified by the Master’s Examination Panel reported to the Environmental Science Graduate Program Committee and the Graduate Office before the master’s thesis can be officially endorsed for acceptance. Failure to comply with these conditions within six-month period shall entail conversion of the rating of “Provisionally Passed” to a rating of “Failed”.

If the student gets a rating of “Failed” in the Master’s Examination, he/she must submit him/herself to a second Master’s Examination not earlier than three (3) months but not later than twelve (12) months after the rating of “Failed” is incurred in the first examination. A rating of “Failed” in the second Master’s Examination shall disqualify the student from the M.S. in (Environmental Science) Program.

11. The Preliminary Examination

11.1 Nature of the Preliminary Examination

The Preliminary Examination is a written and/or oral examination that has to be taken by a student in the M.S. Non-Thesis Option within one (1) year after completing the core courses in his/her program of study. This examination is intended to test the student’s ability to integrate and apply the overall knowledge that he/she has gained from the core courses. The Preliminary Examination for students in the M.S. (Environmental Science) Non-Thesis Option maybe the same as the Preliminary Examination for students in the Ph.D. (Environmental Science) Program but the minimum passing grade for the latter shall be higher that that for the former.

11.2 Administration of the Preliminary Examination

The Preliminary Examination in the Non-Thesis Option shall be formulated, scheduled, administered, and graded by the Environmental Science Graduate Program Committee or by a special SubCommittee thereof. Results of the preliminary Examination must be submitted by the Environmental Science Graduate Committee to the Graduate Office within one (1) month after the last day of the examination.

11.3 Rating of the Preliminary Examination

A student’s performance in the Preliminary examination shall be rated either “Passed” of “Failed” on the basis of M.S. standards set by the Environmental Science Graduate Program Committee. A student who fails the Preliminary Examination shall be allowed to retake the examination within one (1) year after the first examination. Failure of a student in the second Preliminary Examination shall disqualify him/her from the M.S. (Environmental Science) Program.

12. The Qualifying Examination

12.1 Nature of the Qualifying Examination

The Qualifying Examination is an oral examination that must be taken by a student in the Non-thesis Option after he/she has passed the Preliminary Examination and completed all the course and seminar requirements for the M.S. (Environmental Science) Non-Thesis Option. In this examination, the student is required to give a seminar on a topic covering a recent development in Environmental Science and is examined on his/her (a) grasp of topic as well as related topics and (b) mastery of the basic principles and methods of Environmental Science. The Candidacy Examination for the Ph.D. (Environmental Science) degree may serve as the Qualifying Examination for the M.S. (Environmental Science) degree under the Non-Thesis Option.

12.2 Administration of the Qualifying Examination

Upon the formal request of the student and the recommendation of his/her Program Adviser, the Environmental Science Program Graduate Committee shall designate a special examination panel of at least three (3) members who shall schedule, conduct, and evaluate the Qualifying Examination of the student. This oral examination shall last from two (2) to four (4) hours.

12.3 Rating of the Qualifying Examination

The Qualifying Examination shall be rated either “Passed” or “Failed” by a simple majority vote of the special examination panel. Its result must be officially reported by the special examination panel to the Graduate Office through the Environmental Science Graduate Program committee within the first working day after the examination. If the student passes the Qualifying Examination, he/she qualifies for the M.S. (Environmental Science) degree under the Non-Thesis Option. If the student fails the Qualifying Examination, he/she may be allowed to take a second Qualifying Examination within one (1) year after the first examination. Failure in the second Qualifying Examination shall disqualify the student from the M.S. (Environmental Science) Program.

13. Residence Rules

13.1 One-year Residence Rules Before Graduation

The Student must be officially enrolled in the College at least one (1) academic year prior to the conferment of the M.S. (Environmental Science) degree.

13.2 Maximum Residence Period

The time limit or “maximum residence period” for the completion of M.S. (Environmental Science) degree requirements shall be no more than five (5) years. The counting of the period of residence shall start from the student’s first enrollment in a graduate Environmental Science courses after admission into the M.S (Environmental Science) Program shall include all leaves of absence from the Program. For graduate students transferring from another University, the maximum residence shall be reduced by one (1) semester for ever nine- (9) units of transferred credits of a fraction thereof.

13.3 Extensions of Residence

In exceptionally meritorious cases, extensions of residence beyond the above maximum residence period may be granted, upon the recommendation of the Environmental Science Graduate Program Committee for a period no exceeding one (1) calendar year at a time but in no case totaling more than five (5) years, provided that the student must complete additional units of graduate courses in Environmental Science during the extension period at the rate of three (3) units for every two (2) years of extension period at the rate of three (3) units for every two (2) years of extension of fraction thereof.

13.4 Non-Compliance with Maximum Residence Period

A student who fails to complete all the requirements for the MS (Environmental Science) degree within the maximum residence period and any approved extension thereof shall be disqualified from the M.S. (Environmental Science) Program.

13.5 Absence without Leave

Any Student who goes on absence without leave (AWOL) from the MS (Environmental Science) Program shall be automatically dropped from the Program.

14. Transfer from One M.S. Option to Another

Any student in the MS (Environmental Science) Program may be allowed to transfer from one M.S. option to the other subject to the approval of Environmental Science Graduate Program Committee. Such a change on M.S. Option must be officially reported by the Environmental Science Graduate Program Committee to the Graduate Office during as soon as possible.

15. Graduation from the M.S. (Environmental Science)

15.1 Application for Graduation

After completion of all the requirements for the M.S. (Environmental Science) degree under either Option, the student must submit to the Graduate Office an application for graduation, accompanied by recommendation from the Environmental Science Graduate Program Committee.

15.2 Submission of Bound Thesis

In the case of a student under Thesis Option, he/she must submit six (6) bound copies of the approved master’s thesis as a pre-requisite for graduation. The bound copies must conform to the standard College format and contain the official approval of the thesis by the Thesis Adviser (and Thesis Co-Adviser, if any) and the Thesis Reader, the official endorsement by the Chairman of the Environmental Science Graduate Program Committee, and the official acceptance by the Dean. After the graduation of the student is recommended by the College  Assembly by the University Council, and approved by the Board of Regents, he/she shall be officially conferred the M.S. (Environmental Science) degree by the University.

15.3 Conferment of the M.S. Degree

After the graduation of the student is recommended by the college Assembly, endorsed by the University council, and approved by the Board of Regents, he/she shall be officially conferred the M.S. (Environmental Science) degree by the University